Facts & Questions
Find Out More
- Did you know? (Basic Facts)
- Donate Life Colorado: Be An Organ & Tissue Donor
- Registry Confidentiality
Common Questions & Answers
If I already have the heart on my driver’s license or state ID do I still need to register online?
No, if there is a ‘♥’ or the word ‘donor’ on the front of your license or state ID you are already enrolled in the organ and tissue donor registry and there is no need to submit the online registry form unless your information has changed. If your name or address has changed, please fill out and re-submit the online form.
What does joining the Donate Life Organ & Tissue Donor Registry mean?
Every individual has the right to decide to register to donate their organs and tissues at the time of their death. On October 15, 2001, recovery agencies in Colorado began enforcing a law enacted by the Colorado State Legislature in 1998. In Wyoming recovery agencies began enforcing a law enacted by the Wyoming State Legislature in April 2003 on July 1, 2003. This law established a centralized, confidential online registry for every Colorado and Wyoming resident who have made the decision to be organ and tissue donors.• Being on the Donate Life Colorado or Wyoming Registry means that you have elected to have all of your organs and tissues made available for transplant and/or research at the time of your death. It is good to communicate your decision to be a donor with your family.
• If you are an eligible donor, your family will be informed of your decision at the time of your death and asked to provide information about your medical and behavioral history.
• If you wish to only donate certain organs and/or tissue, you may list restrictions when filling out the online registry form on this site [in the 'any additional comments' section; please no commentary]. Single restrictions are recorded in the donor registry.
• The registry will only accommodate restrictions or exclusions related to individual organs or tissues that can be removed for purposes of transplantation, medical education or research. Organs are distributed according to national guidelines and regulations set up by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). Tissue donation and transplantation is overseen by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
• The Donate Life Colorado or Wyoming Organ and Tissue Donor Registry ensures that your decision about donation will be known and acted upon.
• Personal information in the registry is only accessible to designated medical professionals.
• The information on the registry cannot be shared with or sold to companies and government agencies.
Can I take my name off the registry?
Yes. To remove yourself from the registry, you can either fill out the online form located on the registry web sites, or send in your request to be removed in writing to the Colorado or Wyoming Donor Registry at 720 S. Colorado Blvd, Suite 800-N, Denver, CO 80246. Once your decision is received, you will be mailed a notification card, which you are asked to sign and return to confirm your decision. Even though you have been removed from the registry, at your time of death your family will still be contacted by a coordinator and asked if they would like to make the decision to donate on your behalf.
What if my family opposes my decision to donate?
Your decision to donate takes priority over your family’s preferences. Once you sign up on the Registry, your donor designation grants authorization for organ and tissue recovery. Should you be in the position to donate, your next of kin will be presented with documentation of your registration but will not have the power to override your decision. It is important to tell your family, loved ones and healthcare power of attorney of your wishes so that they may be prepared to cooperate with the health care team about your medical history.
Does saying “yes” to becoming a donor affect the medical treatment that I receive?
No. Medical care is not affected in any way by your status as a registered donor. Every attempt is made to save your life. In fact, patients must receive the most aggressive lifesaving care in order to be potential organ donors. If a patient’s heart stops during lifesaving efforts, organs cannot be transplanted. Organ and tissue donation is only considered after a physician has pronounced a person dead and family has been consulted.
What about factors such as age or pre-existing medical conditions?
You are never too old or unhealthy to register to be a donor. Organs and tissues are generally not considered for donation if the person has died from cancer or an infectious disease; however, certain cancer patients can donate corneas. In the event you are in a position to be a donor, medical specialists will evaluate your medical history to determine your suitability to donate. Organs and tissue are tested for infectious diseases, including hepatitis, AIDS and other viral infections before they are transplanted.
Does a person have to die to become an organ donor?
No. Living people can donate a kidney or part of the liver or lung, although, Donor Alliance only recovers organs from deceased donors.
What steps must I take to become an organ and tissue donor?
Simply register your decision on your state’s donor registry (for Colorado residents, visit www.DonateLifeColorado.org, and for Wyoming residents, visit www.DonateLifeWyoming.org), indicate your desire to be an organ and tissue donor on your driver’s license or other legal document, and most importantly, discuss the decision with your family so they know to honor your wish to give the gift of life after your death.
Is my driver’s license or ID card enough?
Yes. Individuals can continue to register to be organ and tissue donors at the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) when acquiring or renewing a driver’s license or state identification card. This information from the DMV is downloaded into the registry every 24 hours. So, if you make your designation at the DMV you have been added to the registry. By signing up with the registry, your desire to donate is stored in a secure, confidential database. Should your death result in the opportunity for you to be a donor, an official record of your donor designation will be readily available and your wishes to donate will be respected.
If I have an advance directive, should I also register, or will my advance directive be enough?
You should register. Due to the rapid and emotional nature of events surrounding sudden death, families often do not have time to check legal documents prior to being approached about donation. Without enrolling on the registry, your decision may not be expressed; however, since the registry is viewed in all potential donation cases prior to approaching the family, we are able to share proof of registration with family members at the time donation is discussed, and your wishes will be honored.
Who can sign up on the Donate Life Colorado and Wyoming Organ and Tissue Donor Registries?
The Colorado and Wyoming Registries allow people who are at least 18 years of age to register their authorization to donate specific or all organs and tissues upon their death. Children between the ages of 13 and 17 can join the registry; however, until the designated donor is 18 years old, their parents (or legal guardians) will make the final decision about organ and tissue donation at the appropriate time.
Can I register my children?
Due to federal privacy laws prohibiting the collection of personal information for individuals under age 13, the registry is unable to accept registrations for children 12 and under. Until registrants and non-registrants alike are 18 years old, their parents (or legal guardians) will make the final decision about organ and tissue donation at the appropriate time.
Does my registration grant consent for whole body donation?
Registering as an organ and tissue donor does not grant permission for your whole body to be donated to a medical school or other whole body donation program. If whole body donation is to occur and the decedent is on the registry, the decedent will be first a tissue and then research donor. Families often choose whole body donation or research as options to help afford funeral services, as cremation and return of the ashes is free.
Can I specify which organs and tissues I donate?
You may opt out of donating specific organs and/or tissue or donating for medical research while registering online at DonateLifeColorado.org or DonateLifeWyoming.org. Simply state your wishes under the “Any Additional Comments” section located at the end of the online registration form. In addition, you can specify that your donated tissue must be used for life-saving or reconstructive purposes only; distributed only to non-profit organizations; or distributed only in the United States.
If a family member is in need of an organ at the time of my death, can I specify that he or she is to receive it?
“Directed donation” of an organ to a specific individual is legal, but it must be done at the time of donation (organs may not be directed to a specified group of individuals). Directed donation is best supported by an advance directive or may be granted by next of kin at the time of donation.
How do people in other states sign up? Is there a national registry?
All of the states in the continental U.S. honor individual state registries; however, there is no national registry. All matters concerning organ and tissue donation are under the jurisdiction of each state’s respective laws. Additionally, organs may not be allocated to the registration state. For information on how to become a donor in other states, go to donatelife.net and click on the state in question.
If one has specified in his or her will how long they want to remain on ventilated-support, will this affect the donation process?
Typically, after brain death has been declared and consent gained, a patient remains on ventilated support for a short period of time, due to the fact that the patient is considered clinically deceased, and the process of donation can begin. Brain death is different than a coma. When a patient is in a coma, there is still blood flow allowing the brain to function. When a patient is brain dead, all function to the brain has permanently ceased. The longer a patient is on life support after brain death, the more unstable most organs, such as the heart and lungs, become.
Does donation affect funeral arrangements?
The body is treated with great respect and dignity throughout the process, and the donor’s appearance following donation still allows for an open-casket funeral. Once the organ and/or tissue recovery process is completed, the body is released to the donor’s family. The entire donation process is usually completed within 24 to 36 hours, and the family may then proceed with funeral arrangements.
Is my family or estate charged for donation?
No. There is no cost to the donor’s family for organ and tissue donation. Donor Alliance, a non-profit organization, assumes all costs associated with recovering and processing organs and tissues for transplant once death has been declared and authorization is confirmed through the donor registry, or from the family in lieu of registration; these costs are never passed on to the donor family. Our business model, culture and values are all built on respecting and appreciating the gift of donation. We find this is a comfort to both donor families and recipients. Eventually, these costs are reimbursed by transplant centers, once a transplant is completed, and the center, in turn, will bill private and public insurance plans. Hospital expenses incurred before the donation of organs or tissue in attempt to save the donor’s life and funeral expenses remain the responsibility of the donor’s family.
I think I may need an organ transplant. How do I get added to the list?
The process of joining the UNOS National Organ Transplant Waiting List begins with your physician referring you to a transplant center for evaluation. A committee of doctors, transplant surgeons, and other hospital staff makes the decision as to whether a patient is a suitable candidate, and whether or not to be placed on the waiting list for an organ transplant. This decision is based on the status of the patient’s health, his or her medical and social history, and the expectation of their stability after the transplant takes place.
What is the likelihood a recipient will reject his or her transplanted organ or tissue?
Each person’s immune system reacts differently to transplanted organs, so there is no set formula to determine whether or not an organ will be rejected. However, new medications are continually being developed to reduce the risk of transplant rejection in patients. With these new medications, rejection rates are as low as 10-15 % of patients and one-year transplanted organ survival has improved to 95%. These days, rejection of tissue is uncommon.
Can donor and recipient families meet?
Soon after donation occurs, a donor family will be notified with general information about the recipient(s), including age, gender, occupation and state of residence. The identities of all parties remain confidential through this communication process. Correspondence between donor families and recipients is facilitated by Donor Alliance and transplant centers in a way that ensures donor and recipient confidentiality. If correspondence continues over time, it may be possible for donor families and recipients to communicate directly.
If both parties agree, people can meet each other in person, while others may be more comfortable communicating without direct contact. It is also possible that either party may decline to correspond or meet for various reasons.
How can I be sure my information is kept confidential?
As a state-authorized public service, Donor Alliance adheres to the most up-to-date guidelines to keep all personal information confidential. It is absolutely vital that the organization identifies individual registrants with 100% certainty if they should ever be in a position to be an actual organ or tissue donor. We would never want to confuse a patient who is not registered with someone who is. We assure you that every precaution is in place to protect the information from identity thieves. Of the 40+ state donor registries now in operation, there are no reported problems with unauthorized access to personal information.
Where can I go to find more information about organ and tissue donation?
To learn more about organ and tissue donation, visit:
• The Donor Alliance Web site: www.donoralliance.org
• The Donate Life Web site: www.donatelife.net
• The United Network for Organ Sharing Web site: www.unos.org
• The AlloSource Web site: www.allosource.org
• The local driver’s license office
• Or you can call Donor Alliance at (303) 329-4747 or 1-888-868-4747